Aswan is a beautiful, picturesque city in the south of Egypt, located on the east bank of the Nile, at the first cataract. It is one of the driest inhabited places in the world and at the same time the winter capital of Egypt. In the vicinity of Aswan there is an ancient syenite quarry (red granite) in which sculptures and the largest unfinished obelisk were found. Above, the High Dam was built on the Nile. Damming the waters would lead to the irreversible destruction of the monuments in Abu Simbel and on the island of Philae. Thanks to the help of UNESCO, the monuments were moved to higher places. Below the High Tama, or closer to the city of Aswan, there is an Aswan Dam built at the beginning of the 20th century, which is older and lower than the High Dam. On the Nile near Aswan, there are two large islands - Elephantine and Kitchener Island. At Elephantine, there is the Oberoi hotel and the Nubian villages, and Kitchener Island is a botanical garden.