Memphis is considered one of the oldest and most important cities of ancient Egypt. It is situated close to the village of Mit Ruhaynah in Giza, Cairo. Established in 2925 BC by King Menes.Memphis was deemed to be a religious cult center and capital of Ancient Egypt until 2060 BC.

There are necropolises around the city of Memphis where the pyramids of Giza are situated. The temple of Ptah was one of the most significant temples in this city .

- a local god associated with craftsmen and artisans.

The large statue of Ramses II and the alabaster sphinx are the only things that remained in the city. The city lasted till a short time ago but at the beginning of the 20th century the ruins were unavoidable and by the time it completely disappeared.