Memphis is considered one of the oldest and most
important cities of ancient Egypt. It is
situated close to the village of Mit Ruhaynah in Giza, Cairo. Established in
2925 BC by King Menes.Memphis was deemed to
be a religious cult center and capital of Ancient Egypt until 2060 BC.
There are necropolises around the city of Memphis where the pyramids of
Giza are situated. The temple of Ptah was one of the most significant temples in
- a local god associated with craftsmen and artisans.
The large statue of Ramses II and the alabaster sphinx
are the only things that remained in the city. The city lasted till a short
time ago but at the beginning of the 20th century the ruins were unavoidable
and by the time it completely disappeared.