THE Abu Simbel TEMPLES
Abu Simbel is a small village located in Aswan, in Upper Egypt, where
The Abu Simbel temples were constructed during the reign of the Pharaoh Ramses
II and were deemed to glorify his victory at the battle of Kadesh.
The Abu Simbel Temples include two temples: the great temple of Ramesses
II and a significantly smaller temple for his wife Nefertari.
The temples are part of UNESCO’s world heritage site known as “Nubian
monuments”. They were established in 1264 BC. They were carved out of a cliff
and its construction took about 20 years.
Both sanctuaries were lost for a while since They were covered by the
sand except for the tops of their heads and were rediscovered in 1813 by Swiss
oriental Jean-Louis Burckhardt. The sand was totally removed from the temples
In 1959 the temples had to be relocated due to the gradual rise of the river
Nile as a result of the Aswan High Dam.
They were taken down and moved out in 1968 on the fake mountain, away
from the waterway. It was not just a job; it was massive work. It took about
five years to completely relocate the temples.
The sun aligns with Ramses II twice a year on the 22nd of February and
22nd of October and lightens the temple corridor also the statues of Ra (the god
of the sun), Amon (the king of gods), and Ramses II except for Ptah, considered
a divine force of the hidden world.
People gather each year at the sun festival to witness this outstanding
achievement of ancient Egyptians.