The Aswan High Dam was built across the River Nile in Aswan between 1960 and 1970.The dam was built near Aswan in the 1960s, with a length of 3600 meters, a thickness of 980 meters at the base and a height of 111 meters at its highest point.   Behind the dam collects the waters of Lake Nasser, which is the largest artificial lake in the world. The dam provides irrigation water and electricity to the whole of Egypt.   The dam's main function was protection against droughts and flooding – these two factors helped in boosting the agricultural area. It also increased electricity production. However, there were few drawbacks of the dam.