THE ASWAN HIGH DAM
The Aswan High Dam was built across the River Nile in Aswan
between 1960 and 1970.The dam was built near Aswan in the 1960s, with a length
of 3600 meters, a thickness of 980 meters at the base and a height of 111
meters at its highest point.
Behind the dam collects the waters of Lake Nasser, which is
the largest artificial lake in the world. The dam provides irrigation water and
electricity to the whole of Egypt.
The dam's main function was protection against droughts and
flooding – these two factors helped in boosting the agricultural area. It also
increased electricity production. However, there were few drawbacks of the dam.