THE GREAT SPHINX
The great sphinx is the world’s
largest sculpture measuring 20 meters in height and 73 meters in length.
Located in Giza, Egypt, and considered one of its historical landmarks.
The sphinx is a royal figure and was
deemed to be the guardian of the cemetery.
The word sphinx means the living
image. The statue has the body of a lion and the head of an Egyptian king
representing spiritual and physical power.
Until the present time, it isn't
clear who constructed the Sphinx, Intellectuals believe that the statue was
either constructed by Khafre during the 4th dynasty or by his older brother
Djedefre to glorify their father Khufu.
Also, the statue’s missing nose
is considered an enigma. Some assume that it lost its nose during Napoleon’s
arrival in Egypt and others believe that it was shot off during the Turkish
invasion. However, paintings from the 18th century prove that the nose was
By the time, the sphinx was
partially covered by the sand and was rediscovered in 1905.