THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
They are located on the Giza plateau,
in northern Egypt. The pyramids were established in 2550 BC and were completely constructed
in 2490 BC.Each pyramid
was dedicated to the Pharaoh who built it : Khufu, Khafre, and
Since Pharaohs become gods after their death the pyramid was
deemed to be a temple for the gods and a royal tomb for the Pharaohs.
One of the mysteries about the three
pyramids is that they were all precisely aligned with the Constellation of
Experts are fascinated with the
construction achievement in Ancient Egypt.
The Khufu pyramid was built first. It is the last wonder remaining from the ancient world.known as
the great pyramid and is considered the largest one among the three pyramids.
Due to the process of erosion, the pyramid’s height has worn down from 146 meters to 138 meters. It was
constructed with stones that were made of smooth limestone; each block weighed
more than 2 tons. They used over 2 million stones to build it.
construction of the pyramid is an enigma,and the most
common answer is that the stones were moved from a quarry using man’s strength
alone. The fact that There were only simple wooden tools, makes it hard
to believe that it was only built in
Khafre is considered the
second-highest and largest pyramid among the three measuring 136.4 meters,which is
7 meters less than Khufu. The stones used at the bottom are very large and were
made from pink granite,but the rest
were cased in Tura
limestone. And as we go
higher the stones get much smaller.
Khafre appears to be much taller than
Khafre because it is placed on the bedrock
The pyramid has two entrances. During
the intermediate period, the pyramid was thieved. After
getting into the pyramid all they found was an empty burial chamber with opened sarcophagus.
The third pyramid belongs to Menkaure
and is considered the smallest one among the three pyramids measuring 62
meters. Originally, its height was 65 meters, but it was worn down
to 62 meters. It was established in the 26th century BC. On its south side,
there are three secondary pyramids due to some mysterious reason their
development was not completed.