It is also called the northern pyramid and it is the largest among the three main pyramids built by King Senefru in the cemetery of Dahshur and it was called the red pyramid due to the reddish color of its stones, and the locals call it the Bat pyramid. The pyramid was not red in the beginning because it was covered with a white layer of limestone and when this layer was removed, it appeared Red colored stones ,It stands 105 meters (344 ft) high and it is the largest pyramid among two other pyramids (the pyramid at Meidum and the bent pyramid) built by Old Kingdom Pharaoh Snefru.  

The pyramid's outer construction uses a shallow angle of 43 degrees, which gives it a noticeably squat appearance compared to other Egyptian pyramids of the same scale.