The step pyramid of Pharaoh Djoser is not the first building,then but it’s considered one of the oldest and most iconic monuments of Egypt. The pyramid is located in Saqqara, north of the city Memphis, and was established in the 27th century BC.

It was dedicated to the Pharaoh Djoser and deemed to be his cemetery.

Its height, which was 62 meters was the reason behind considering it later as an innovation towards architecture stone. The stone of the pyramid was engraved in a way that matches the appearance of soft materials like wood and reeds.

The technique used to build this pyramid was different.

Usually they used the mud-brick technique in their previous constructions. The building was a traditional flat-roofed mastaba-ancient Egypt tomb- when it was first established. Six more layers were added to the traditional flat-roofed mastaba during the 19th year of the reign of Pharaoh Djoser. Besides, they fenced-in a wall behind which included temples, chapels, and large courtyards.